There are 14 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Weimar alone. Classical Weimar comprises eleven ensembles. Modernism is represented on the World Heritage List with the Bauhaus sites and made Weimar famous as the birthplace of the design avant-garde. The composers Johann Sebastian Bach and Franz Liszt, who once lived here, share the responsibility for the musical renown of the cultural city.
For 50 years, Goethe lived in this baroque style house on Frauenplan. Even today, some rooms can still be viewed just as Goethe left them. The Goethe National Museum is located in the same building complex as Goethe's residence. The exhibition Lebensfluten - Tatensturm (Flood of Life - Storm of Deeds) on display in the museum offers insights into Goethe's life and work.
Friedrich Schiller lived in the house on Schillerstrasse for 3 years. The furnishings combine authentic estate pieces with analogous additions and historical interior design. Schiller's residence is located in the same building complex as the Schiller Museum, which regularly shows temporary exhibitions.
If there were one landmark that could stand for Weimar, it would be this: Since 1857, Goethe and Schiller have stood on Theaterplatz portrayed by this monument created by Ernst Rietschel, almost at eye level and yet without eye contact. Copies of the monument can be found in Cleveland, Milwaukee, San Francisco and Shanghai.
GOETHE AND SCHILLER MONUMENT
On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Bauhaus School in Weimar, the new Bauhaus Museum Weimar opened in 2019 and presents the treasures of the world's oldest Bauhaus collection. As a place for open encounters and discussions, it recalls the early phase of the most important design and art school of the 20th century and links its history with questions about our present and future lifestyles.
"Van de Velde, Nietzsche and Modernism around 1900" – the new exhibition presents outstanding international works of Realism, Impressionism and Art Nouveau. They reflect an epoch that is both brilliant and contradictory, with references to the present day. Starting with Friedrich Nietzsche as a mastermind and cult figure, important positions of early modernism in Weimar are presented. These include the works of the Weimar School of Painting and the avant-garde, from Claude Monet to Max Beckmann, all promoted by Harry Graf Kessler. The wealth of exhibits presents the functional and elegant designs of Henry van de Velde.
The museum’s location couldn't be more appropriate: The House of the Weimar Republic stands vis-á-vis to the venue of the 1919 National Assembly in the German National Theater in Weimar. The permanent exhibition in the Oberlichtsaal of the former Kunsthalle invites visitors to learn more about the Weimar Republic – from its revolutionary beginnings, its political establishment and consolidation, the everyday life of the people and the new opportunities of the "Golden Twenties" to the crises and challenges facing the young democracy.
It is one of the most famous libraries in Germany. The Rococo hall, which has been restored to its former glory after the devastating fire in 2004, with its historical books and music, can be visited every day except Monday.
The garden house was given to Goethe by Duke Carl August. It is located in the Park on the Ilm River, and it was Goethe’s primary residence for 6 years. The landscape also plays a role in his works, such as "Egmont".
This historical and tradition-steeped building is a major venue for Weimar's cultural events calendar, offering up to 600 performances per year. The German National Theatre and the Staatskapelle Weimar cultivate a broad repertoire for lovers of music theatre, plays and concerts, ranging from classical to contemporary works.
Goethe was involved in the design of the Park on the Ilm River, which was created during the 18th century. It boasts numerous remarkable works of garden architecture, such as the Roman House.
In the Bastille of the City Palace you will find the newly created discovery space "Bach in Weimar": a freely accessible presentation about Bach's ten-year stay in Weimar that also plays the works of the world-famous composer for you. A room-sized mural, a screen, as well as illustrated text panels form the various information levels. The entire ensemble is surrounded by a panoramic visual presentation of the authentic Bach sites in Weimar.
Franz Liszt lived in the former court gardening department at the entrance to the Ilm Park during the summer months between 1869 and 1886 and received his international students for piano lessons here. The historic upper floor is supplemented by a contemporary permanent exhibition on the ground floor.
In der Villa „Silberblick“ verbrachte der kranke Friedrich Nietzsche, gepflegt von seiner Schwester Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, die letzten Lebensjahre. Nach seinem Tod ließ sie das Gebäude, besonders die Archivräume, von Henry van de Velde umgestalten: Innenarchitektur und Ausstattung zählen zu den gelungensten Schöpfungen des belgischen Architekten und Designers.
The entire ensemble, including the palace, a park with baroque gardens, the former zoo and the orangery, was built in the 18th century under Duke Ernst August. Even today you can still see porcelain, glasses and historical furniture from the late 17th to 19th century inside the palace.
The triptych altarpiece by Lucas Cranach, which is important visual evidence of the history of the Reformation, is a famous artwork. Together with the Herderhaus (Herder House) and Garden, and the neighboring Old Grammar School, it is part of the UNESCO World Heritage "Classical Weimar". Martin Luther preached here during the Reformation. The interior of the church was restored after the Second World War, during which it was heavily damaged.
From July 1937 to April 1945, the SS operated the Buchenwald concentration camp on Ettersberg Hill, near Weimar. More than 56,000 foreign prisoners and opponents of National Socialism were murdered or died of exhaustion, starvation, torture and medical experiments. From August 1945 to February 1950, the Soviet occupying power used the site as an internment camp (Special Camp 2). Today, historical buildings, relics from the camp period, monuments, and four different permanent exhibitions can be visited. A wide range of educational programs are catered to both individual visitors and groups.